Are Cats Smarter Than Dogs?

Are Cats Smarter Than Dogs?

The battle has been taking place for a long time now. People are divided into two categories. Cat people and dog people. Each one of them has been arguing that their cats are smarter than dogs. But wait, who’s smarter, cats or dogs?

This question is hard to answer since dogs have some strong points that cats miss and vice versa. For instance, the number of dogs’ brain cells is much bigger than that of cats. On the other hand, cats are ahead in some areas compared to dogs. However, let’s discover what science is saying in the following article.

1- Dogs Vs Cats Brains May answer the question are Cats smarter than dogs?

The Brazilian neuroscientist Suzana Herculano- Houzel counted the neurons by liquefying the animal brains to answer the above question. The latter was donated by the zoo, a forest preserve, pet owners, and a rehab facility. This study was published in 2017 in the journal Frontiers in Neuroanatomy.

Houzel found that dogs possess around 530 million neurons in the cortex, while cats own about 250 million. “Then the logical implication is that, yes, dogs are much more capable than cats,” Herculano-Houzel said. Therefore, according to this study, dogs are more clever than cats. But before making a decision, let us find out other facts to know who is smarter.

2- Different Types of Intelligence show us whather cats are smarter than dosg

Many articles were written about this particular topic. One of which was issued in Psychology Today in 2013. This article revealed that cats are smart. They have long-term memory as they are learning through their actions not observations like dogs. On the other side, dogs are better at social tasks than cats.

The important question here is what is the point behind comparing the intelligence of these two species?

Well, several researchers refuse the idea of identifying who is smarter than the other. One of whom is named Hare. He said: “Each tool is designed for a specific problem, so of course, it depends on the problem we are trying to solve.”

In fact, it is fruitless to determine who is the more clever. This is because each species has been designed to serve its own needs and to survive. That is, cats and dogs are special, unique, and intelligent in their own ways. In other words, we should not put different species against each other because each one is different from the others.

This is plainly observable when it comes to the ability of dogs and cats. For example, dogs can be trained to be rescuers and guides. Whereas cats are successful hunters.

3- Dependent vs Independent Species

I own two cats, and I know exactly how independent they are. Why we need to know this is that self-sufficiency is highly crucial to measuring intelligence.

Cats can feed and groom themselves. They don’t need their owners to feed them, they just hunt and look for what to eat. In a different fashion, dogs depend on their proprietor to do these things. Moreover, the curiosity of cats shows clearly how smart they are.

Indeed, there are just a few studies on the intelligence of cats, unlike dogs. The reason is that cats are uncooperative while dogs are cooperative. Because they are unhelpful, it is rare to see researchers making studies on cats but the contrary when it comes to dogs.

I have just mentioned that I have two cats. Sometimes when I call them or want to play with them, they just neglect me and go out of the room. I am literally not bothered by this behavior as I know how independent they are. But at the same time, I apply some tips to win the love of my cats!

Being trained and domesticated for a long period gives you the advantage and makes dogs better than cats.

4- Studies On Dogs

Some of the studies that Dr. Stanley Coren, psychologist and canine researcher-developed, has shown interesting outcomes. For example, Dr. Coren has discovered that a dog’s intelligence is similar to that of a 2 or 2.5 years old child. Furthermore, dogs can understand 150 words and can do their best to take the treats from their humans.

Additionally, dogs can count and understand the basics of math and find out the mistakes in 1 + 1 = 1 or even 1 + 1 = 3. They can interpret humans’ feelings. Plus, dogs can learn through observation. These include the location of various items, the meaning of words and gestures, and the best routes in their immediate surroundings.

Coren sectioned the dog’s intelligence into three categories;

  1. Instinctive:  It is related to what comes from instincts, but it is also coming from what the dog was reared to do.
  2. Adaptive: This means how dogs can learn and adapt to their environment and how they can learn to solve problems based on their experiences.
  3. Obedience: This is how dogs, generally, work and obey. It is similar to “ school learning”.

Dogs differ from one breed to another. If you are wondering what is the smartest breed, let me tell you that it is the Border Collie. This breed can understand 250 words.

5- Various Other Studies

According to the neuron-counting study, dogs are smarter than cats based on the scientific proof that the scientist ends up with.

Another fascinating study was done in 1876 by the Belgian Society for the Elevation of the Domestic Cat. The experiment contained giving mail to cats in order to deliver them. Cats fulfilled the task successfully, though they took 24 hours to do it.

This clearly demonstrates that cats are intelligent enough to decide whether to waste their time on a given task or not.

Last Words

Comparing cats and dogs will never give a satisfactory answer since each species has its type of intelligence that helps them to survive. As Theodore Roosevelt said: “comparison is the thief of joy”. Thus, instead of comparing whether your beloved cat is smarter than your friend’s dog, just live happily with your pet and enjoy the love and companionship you share.

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